Name: Jithesh V
Affiliation: SARBTM Govt College, Koyilandi
Conference ID : ASI2022_349
Title : Evidence for the Super-Critical Outflow from NGC 55 ULX1
Authors : V. Jithesh
Abstract Type: Poster
Abstract Category : Extragalactic Astronomy
Abstract : We investigate the X-ray spectral and temporal properties of ultra-luminous X-ray source (ULX) NGC 55 ULX1 using Swift, XMM-Newton and NuSTAR observations conducted during 2013-2021. ULXs are compact, off-nuclear, X-ray point sources with an X-ray luminosity of greater than 10^{39} erg/s. In these observations, the source flux varies by a factor of ~ 5-6, and we identify the source mainly in the soft ultraluminous (SUL) state of ULXs. We fit the X-ray spectra with a two thermal component model consisting of a blackbody (for the soft component) and a disc (for the hard component), and the soft component dominates in these observations. The soft component in the SUL state shows properties similar to that of ultraluminous supersoft sources, for example, an anti-correlation between the characteristic radius and temperature of the blackbody component. In addition, we observe a positive correlation between the blackbody and inner disc temperatures when the X-ray spectra are fitted with the two-thermal component model. These are strong evidence for the super-critical outflow from the system. I will explain the supercritical radiatively driven outflow mechanism in the context of ULXs in this talk.