Abstract Details

Affiliation: National Centre for Radio Astrophysics
Conference ID: ASI2017_854
Title : Simultaneous multi-frequency single pulse observations of pulsars
Authors and Co-Authors : Bhal Chandra Joshi (NCRA) P.K Manoharan (NCRA) M.A KrishnaKumar (NCRA)
Abstract Type : Oral
Abstract Category : Stars,ISM and the Galaxy
Abstract : Aims: We report on simultaneous multi-frequency single pulse observations of a sample of pulsars with previously reported frequency dependent subpulse drift inferred from non-simultaneous and short observations. We aim to clarify if the frequency dependence is a result of multiple drift modes in these pulsars. Methods: We performed simultaneous observations at 326.5 MHz with the Ooty Radio Telescope (ORT) and at 326, 610 and 1308 MHz with the Giant Meterwave Radio Telescope (GMRT) for a sample of 12 pulsars, where frequency dependent single pulse behaviour was reported. The single pulse sequences were analysed with fluctuation analysis, sensitive to both the average fluctuation properties (using Longitude Resolved fluctuation spectrum - LRFS, and Two-Dimensional Fluctuation Spectrum - 2DFS) as well as temporal changes in these (using Sliding two-dimensional Fluctuation Spectrum -S2DFS) to establish concurrent changes in subpulse drifting over the multiple frequencies employed Results: We report subpulse drifting in PSR J0934−5249 for the first time. We also report pulse nulling measurements in PSRs J0934−5249, B1508+55, 1822−2256, B1845−19 and J1901−0906 for the first time. Our measurements of subpulse drifting and pulse nulling for the rest of the pulsars are consistent with previously reported values. Contrary to previous belief, we find no evidence for a frequency dependent drift pattern in PSR B2016+28 implied by non-simultaneous observations by Oster et al. (1977). In PSRs B1237+25, J1822−2256, J1901−0906 and B2045−16, our longer and more sensitive observations reveal multiple drift rates with distinct P3 . We increase the sample of pulsars showing concurrent nulling across multiple frequencies by more than 100 percent, adding 4 more pulsars to this sample. Our results confirm and further strengthen the understanding that the subpulse drifting and pulse nulling are broadband consistent with previous studies (Gajjar et al. 2014a; Rankin 1986, WES07) and are closely tied to physics of polar gap.