Name: Shikhar Mittal
Affiliation: Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai
Conference ID : ASI2022_48
Title : Background of radio photons from primordial black holes
Authors : Shikhar Mittal, Girish Kulkarni
Abstract Type: Oral
Abstract Category : General Relativity and Cosmology
Abstract : We compute the isotropic radiation background due to Hawking emission from primordial black holes (PBHs) and examine if this background is a viable option in explaining the excess radiowave background observed by the ARCADE2 and LWA1 experiments at less than similar to 1 GHz. We find that even under the extreme assumption that all of the dark matter is in the form of PBHs, the radio brightness temperature induced by Hawking evaporation of PBHs is similar to 10^−46 K, highly subdominant compared to the cosmic microwave background. The main reason for this is that for PBHs in the mass range ∼ 10^12–10^14 kg, which can be constrained by Hawking emission, the spectrum peaks at 10^7 to 10^5 eV. As the Hawking spectrum is power-law suppressed towards lower energies, negligible flux of µeV photons is obtained. The peak of the Hawking spectrum shifts to lower energies for higher masses, but the number density is low and so is the specific intensity. Because Hawking emission from PBHs is thus unable to explain the observed excess radio background, we also consider the alternative possibility of radio emission from gas accretion onto supermassive PBHs. These PBHs can readily produce strong radio emission that could easily explain the ARCADE2/LWA1 excess.