Name: Vindya Vashishth
Affiliation: Indian Institute of Technology (BHU), Varanasi
Conference ID : ASI2022_49
Title : Modelling the occurrence of grand minima in sun-like stars using a dynamo model
Authors : Vindya Vashishth and Bidya Binay Karak
Abstract Type: Poster
Abstract Category : Sun and the Solar System
Abstract : There is some observational evidence that rapidly rotating and young Sun-like stars exhibit a high level of activity with no Maunder-like grand minimum (flat activity) and rarely display smooth regular activity cycles. On the other hand, slowly rotating old stars like the Sun and older have lower activity levels and smooth cycles with occasional grand minima. We want to explain this observational trend using a simple Babcock–Leighton dynamo model. Following previous work (Karak, Kitchatinov & Choudhuri 2014), we build kinematic dynamo models of one solar mass star with different rotation rates and depth of convection zones. We specify the large-scale flows (differential rotations and meridional circulations) from corresponding hydrodynamic models. We include stochastic fluctuations in the Babcock-Leighton source for the poloidal field to produce variable stellar cycles. We observe that the rapidly rotating stars produce highly irregular cycles with strong magnetic fields and rarely produce Maunder-like grand minima, whereas the slowly rotating stars (Sun and longer rotation period) produce smooth cycles of weaker strength and occasional grand minima. In general, the frequency of occurrence of the grand minima increases with the decrease of rotation rate. These results can be explained by the fact that with the increase of rotation period, the supercriticality of the dynamo decreases and the dynamo is more prone to produce extended grand minima in this regime.